1 . Jeremy Bentham
installment payments on your John Stuart Mill
(Principle of Utility)- An act is right as long as it causes more pleasure for more persons; wrong so far as it causes the reverse of delight for more people. Happiness sama dengan " pleasureвЂќ
Classic Utilitarianism is basically a social hedonism.
Consequential moral theory
An action is good whether it leads to very good consequences.
No act is intrusively right or wrong; but only in advantage of their consequences. Bentham focuses on elevating total quality of pleasure.
How can one measure the quality of pleasure produced by the actions? Bentham's answer: Conduct the hedonic calculus
Also known as hedons.
John Stuart Mill- Modified Utilitarianism
1 . Distinguishes among quantity and quality(with respect to pleasure)
Higher quality-Rational intellectual pleasure
Lower quality- Bodily satisfaction
Better to be a gentleman dissatisfied when compared to a pig happy
Whom decides which in turn pleasures are best?
The skilled judges- Those who have experienced the two.
Immanuel Kart- " Deontological EthicsвЂќ
1 . What should one to carry out?
Do the duty-which should be to act out of duty to the moral rules of reason-which kant phone calls
Categorical Imperative(the legislation of sensible reason)
Deontological ethics- Obligation ethics
Non-consequential ethical theory
It is not the consequences that are morally relevant. It's the reason or motive fundamental the act. Man's transcendental freedom and dignity
Should you desire x_________ then you should do x________.
Do x__________ since it's your duty to accomplish x______.
A fantastic will- all those things is good without qualification. The one which acts out of work to the regulation of functional reason.
The categorical crucial
V1. Take action only upon that saying that you can also will (consistently) to become a universal law for all rational agents. Maxim- subjective guideline of tendencies.
Lying down promise
Maxim- whenever My spouse and i am requiring cash Let me go to an individual I...
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